Wikipedia (wikipedia) officially launched on January 15, 2001, two days after its domain name was registered by Jimmy Wales strong> and Larry Sanger strong>. Technological and conceptual bases are based on a long time ago. The earliest known work for an online encyclopedia was made by Rick Gates strong> in 1993. However, the concept of a free and free internet encyclopedia was introduced by Richard Stallman in December 2000. Stallman’s encyclopedia concept was based on the idea that no central organization controls the organization and is completely free. This was the opposite of contemporary digital encyclopedias such as Bomis’s Nupedia strong>, which is the pioneer of encyclopedias such as Microsoft Encarta, Encyclopedia Britannica and Wikipedia.

In 2001, Nupedia’s commercial license was changed for free and Wales and Sanger launched Wikipedia strong> using a wiki strong> concept and technology launched in 1995 by Ward Cunningham strong>. Initially, Wikipedia intended to provide additional drafts, articles and ideas for the completion of Nupedia, an online encyclopedia project organized by experts.

But editors and commentators have not looked at this idea. Larry Sanger strong> unveiled the idea of ​​an online encyclopedia of his own, independent of Nupedia. So Nupedia could continue in the old concept. Wikipedia began broadcasting on on Monday January 15, 2001. Tim Shell strong> and programmer Jason Richey strong>, both founders of Bomis strong>, who supported previous projects, have also provided both infrastructure and working support to Wikipedia. P >

On January 16, 2001, Jimmy Wales strong> published the first content of wikipedia, “Hello World”. On January 17th, attempts to create content for volunteers in mugs arriving at Nupedia began to appear. In July 2001, the site received many new participants after being mentioned on the Slashdot website. In a short period of time, hundreds of new visitors each day just came from Google searches, so there was a steady stream of traffic from Google.

International Development, Wikipedia in Other Languages ​​ h2>

In the early days of Wikipedia strong> development, subdomains for languages and began to expand internationally. opened in a few hours. Japanese Wikipedia, which started as, was created at that time. Catalan became the most used language after English.

On May 11, 2001, the new language in French Wikipedia, later in Chinese, Dutch, Esperanto, Hebrew, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish and Swedish The waves of versions have begun. Arabic and Hungarian also participated in these languages ​​shortly. At the end of the year, versions of Afrikaans, Norwegian and Serbian were announced.

In January 2002, 90% of all Wikipedia articles were in English. Until January 2004, the encyclopedia grew by 50% in international languages.

Separation and Citizendium Project h2>

Wales and Sanger are particularly concerned about the uncheckedness of the encyclopedia, bad and destructive they have had disagreements like the editorials. In March 2002, following the withdrawal of funding by Bomis, Larry Sanger left both Nupedia and Wikipedia. has launched Citizendium strong>, the online encyclopedia project that he launched to create a more controlled encyclopedia.

Jimmy Wales continued the principle of self-governance through Wikimedia’s editors.

Other Information h2>

According to Alexa, Wikipedia has been a major contributor to overall visitor traffic is the sixth most visited website in the world.

Worldwide, according to a report released by WMF Labs in August 2015, 18 billion pageviews per month. According to ComScore, Wikipedia received 117 million unique visitors only in the United States of America. Share Information Multiple.

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