Tularemia Disease, also known as rabbit and pox, is an acute infectious disease, primarily seen in wild animals, and sometimes in the human. The disease was first described in 1911 in California in 1911, first described in squirrels living in Tulare. In 1912, the disease effect was a very small bacterium, Francisella Tularensis. In the 90 percent of the cases found in the USA, rabbits; especially in the cotton-tailed rabbit (Sylvilagus), rabbits in Sweden and Norway, and water rats in the Soviet Union. In the Soviet Union and in some other countries, outbreaks of disease have occurred as a result of floods.
Francisella tularensis, BC. 1715 and BC In 1075 it was identified as the cause of human epidemics in ancient Kenan. B.C. In the 14th century, a long-standing epidemic that disturbed the eastern Mediterranean was seen in Kenan on the way to the Arwad-Euphrates trade.
Tularemia bacteria were first found in G.W. It was isolated in 1912 by McCoy strong>. Scientists have found that tularemine can be dangerous for humans; A person can become infected after touching an infected animal. This disease is usually seen in hunters, cooks, and agricultural workers.
The disease is transmitted indirectly to a person by touching the diseased rabbit’s carcass or by an insect carrier, often a Chrysops discalis cattle. It is believed that Dermacentor, Hae-maphysalis, Rhipicephalus, Amblyomma and Ixodes are responsible for the spread of the infection among the animals. Larvae and nemfs also form the source of the disease when the infection is transmitted from the adult to the ovum.
The disease occurs in four different forms, distinguished by the region in which the lesions occur and by the indication. Incubation cycle
3-5 days. Lesions usually begin with an ulcerating swelling in the area where the infection enters the body. The infection then spreads to the lymph nodes near the lesion. Inflammation often occurs in the eye, and the lymph glands around the eye swell. Common symptoms include headache and fever. The disease lasts 2-4 weeks; the death rate is below 5 percent. Vaccination as a preventive measure is relatively ineffective. Tetracyclines are very useful in treatment; the most effective antibiotic streptomycin. However, resistance to bacterial streptomycin usually develops in the first days of treatment. Share Information