Treatment is the common name for remedial and supportive procedures that are used to combat disease or to alleviate the discomfort and consequences of illness. Drug treatment, surgical intervention, radiation therapy, mechanical devices and psychiatric treatment are the main methods used in the treatment. In contemporary medicine, treatment concepts and techniques are intertwined with specialties such as pharmacology, immunology, preventive medicine, psychotherapy and radiotherapy.
Therapeutic borders cover a wide range of areas and different methods. These include biotherapy using surgical interventions to remove or repair diseased tissue, biotherapy using serum, vaccines and antitoxins, chemotherapy using infectious diseases and cancer-fighting chemicals, diathermic therapy using high frequency electrical devices, radiotherapy using x-rays and radioactive isotopes to destroy diseased tissues and hormone therapy used for hormones. Other methods of treatment include gold, heat, high frequency sound waves (ultrasound), normal or high pressure oxygen, infrared and ultraviolet rays, hypnosis, water baths (hydrotherapy), anticoagulants, vitamins and sea water (thalassotherapy). Music therapy, physical therapy and occupational therapy are also treatments.
Since ancient times, it has been understood that plants, animals and minerals are therapeutic values through trial and error. Measures and methods have been found to prevent and treat diseases. Random inventions, sharp observations and careful research with the advance of contemporary medicine have yielded beneficial results; For example, a British physician who has studied a mixture made of phytoncide has discovered that digitalis is useful in heart diseases. On the other hand, many methods, such as hajamat, have been extensively tried and eventually pushed to the edge by finding it useless.
19. After the first discoveries in the chemistry and physics fields in the 19th century, modern chemotherapy and treatment knowledge emerged, especially with the contributions of Louis Pasteur, Robert Koch and Paul Ehrlich. Chemical substances were purified, specific measures against diseases were developed, diseases were identified and described, and new techniques for diagnosing, treating and protecting diseases were found. Some of these inventions appeared unexpectedly. Sir Alexander Fleming found penicillin in 1928 in bacteriology laboratory observing mold reproduction in bacterial culture; Gerhard Domagk, who was trying to find a new dye for dyeing wools, discovered the precursors of sulfa-myths in 1932.
The most important points in the treatment are the presence of more and more pure drugs and clarification of the specific effects of drugs. Nowadays, the physician may choose the best and most appropriate medication to relieve a particular discomfort or symptom while this area is preceded by a random method. In addition to the development of technology, medicines and better understanding of human structure, the development of contemporary therapy is largely dependent on the understanding of preventive medicine, cleanliness, health education, surgical techniques, the transport of patients and injured persons and other such factors.