Who invented the watch? strong> The first evidence of the invention of the clock, according to the scientific researches made, It was the sun clock used in Egypt in 4000 years. The first hour was based on the height of the lake that the sun brought to the square in an upright object. In London the museum exhibits a sundial known to belong to Cleopatra. Since Sun clock strong> can not show night time, water or sand clocks have been invented alongside it. The hourglass has two reservoirs, and the sand flow rate through the fine hole that connects the two chambers is the principle.
Water clock strong> 1500 BC, China in the 6th century BC, Ancient Greece BC. It was used in the 3rd century. The mechanical clock was developed in China, the clock running with the power of water, M.S. It was done at 723. The building of Su Sung’s clock worked from 1096 to 1126, moved to Beijing by Kubilay. Aaron Rashid sent a gift clock to Charlemagne, Arab engineers made hours working in the water filled with the tides created by the Moon in Spain.
Dante P talks about time in Aradiso.
But Dondi’s II Tractus Astarii (1364) is the earliest detailed description of the clock.
In Europe, the first hour strong> is simply an alarm clock. This type of machine was built in 1386 and is still in Salisbury Cathedral. There are dials of the later models, not only the clocks, but also the moon phases, the transitions of the planets, and even the days of saints and festivals. The best examples are seen in Milan (1335), Strasburg (1354), Lund (1380), Rouen (1389), Wells (1392) and Prague (1462).
In northern countries, it was very appealing. All major cathedrals, city squares, doors and monasteries were clocked. The clock, which divides the day into 24 equal parts, has revolutionized the use of everyday time. Most people lived by day and night. In places where the clock system is known, clocks vary according to the seasons and countries. The “earthly clocks” of the day were different from the “religious clocks,” which were divided into sections according to both the “night hours” and the prayer hours of the church.
These clocks, developed in the monastery discipline, pioneered the norms of the later urban life and industrial discipline.
The cornerstones in the development of watchmaking, the pendulum (1657), which greatly increases the reliability of the home clocks in the 15th century, the corner clock in the 16th century, (1761) and the anatomical mechanism (1823), which provide solutions for distance measurement. The last stop of the time measurement is the atomic clock, which is accurate to 1 second in three thousand years, in the British National Physical Laboratory in 1955.
Over the centuries, clockwork has become a massively industrialized artisan. The first centers were Paris and Blois with Nuremberg and Augsburg. Switzerland benefited from Huguenot workmanship. In the 17th and 18th centuries Britain excelled. France was a privileged place with box design and fancy hours. The black forest specializes in wooden cuckoo clocks. In the nineteenth century, the watch industry in Chaux-les-Fonds in Geneva and Jura gained worldwide fame with high-quality, machine-made watches.
The watchmaking profession grew out of the old switchers and jewelers.
The Warsaw Antoni Patek and Bernadius Adrienne Philippe joined forces in 1832 and today founded the leading Patek-Philippe company in Switzerland.
Fatih Sultan Mehmet asked the masters who made mechanical clocks from Venice in 1477. In 1575, Takiyuddin Efendi, the founder of the Istanbul observatory, also wrote a mechanical watch book.
Evliya Çelebi invented the clock to watch the pirine of the watchmen of the watchmakers in the Topkapı Palace, starting from the 17th century to the 20th century, but starting from the ones belonging to the 16th century in the palace. writes that he is Yusuf. The watchmakers are forty-five shops, a thousand times, but “what they do in their faces”; For the watchmaking, it is necessary to know “seventy fortunes” and their shops are “zeyn” with the watches of Germany, Spain, France, Canpetro, Kasper, Bülbül and Yusuf Çelebi. There are three types of watches, crescentic clocks, sheep clocks with the name of the master Piryol, locomotive Serkisofs, clocks and civic clocks symbolizing the civilization of the cities during Abdülhamid’s era. In 1926, after the Greenwich time, which was accepted as “Law of the Day 24 Hours instead of the Tortuous Hour”, the digital clocks, which expressed the numbers in numerical form instead of “passing”, came over.