Tiles are the other name for tiles or ceramics coated with glaze on them. Faians, originally from Italy’s Faenza, were originally found in the east. It was made and used extensively by the Arabs and Turks before using the Europeans.
Tiles were made in Italy in the 15th century, first in Europe, in Spain, in the time of the Andalusian empire, cooked from the earth and decorated with various motifs.
In the early 18th century, tiles were made in the form of traditional wreaths that surrounded only a single figure or chapel, plates, jars and coins. On top of these vessels were pictures painted with vivid colors in everyday life, paintings on which national events were portrayed, witty cues from the name of the merchant, masonic or commercial emblems.
The tiles are thin (5.5 m) in the form of square (15 cm x 15 cm) and rectangular (5 cm x 15 cm) plates and tile glazed , the back side of which is unglazed and a porous building material.
The slurry prepared by mixing the ceramic raw materials such as clay, kaolin, quartz and feldspar at certain ratios is pressed and formed in the molds and then produced by baking at a temperature above 900 ° C. The firing is done twice before being unglazed and then glazed. The tiles are white, colorful and patterned. Share Information