Cutting, splitting and stitching done by a doctor on the patient’s body with a diagnosis or treatment advisor is called surgery. Surgery, or surgical intervention, is a science that has been used since 1500 years ago to describe “surgical” words, surgical techniques and other information related to general intervention. Most of the old information on medical topics is related to surgeries.
It is not known exactly who operated it, but it is actually up to the fossils and skeletons of the Paleolithic Neanderthal and Homo sapiens of the surgeon’s surgeon’s surgery. The Egyptians had knowledge of the anatomy for mummification, and for the first time the mummification of a corpse, they would remove the rapidly decaying internal organs.
However, in Egypt, surgical wounds are limited to small fragile operations like broken bones, boils and abseer. It is known that ancient Egyptians sew and cauterize and use surgical instruments such as probes, saws, forceps, scalpels and scissors. The Greeks and Romans were emptying thick, internally pierced needles called trocars, and liquids gathered in the chest cavities. Zakariyya Razi and Ali bin Isa al Kehhal from the Muslim doctors;
Andalusian master Ez-Zehravi described the various surgical techniques and instruments in his thirty-volume medical encyclopaedia, drawing it and drawing it as “Father of the Surgery.”
is generally called “surgeon” or “operator”. Surgery is a specialty in itself and requires great experience and manners at the same time.
In general, a physician who is not present in surgeries and who is not specialized in this area can not perform surgery alone except for simple interventions.
In general, surgery is a procedure that every physician can easily do to sew abscesses, cuts, scrapes and injuries. These are called “minor surgical intervention”, not surgery. Surgeries are vital to the organs to which they are applied. If the mortality rate in a stomach operation is five percent, this rate can be 30-60 percent in brain surgery.
Despite all the medical work and advanced technology, there is always mortality in operation. For surgeons, simple surgery is appendicitis, stomach surgery, biliary surgery. Bone surgeries, heart, lungs and brain surgeries have great difficulties. Until recently, many surgical branches, which are regarded as general surgery areas, have become special areas of specialization. These include aesthetic surgery, cardiovascular surgery, orthopedics, pediatric surgery, brain surgery, etc.
The general principle in surgery is to use as little artificial material as possible, without damaging the actual organs and tissues as much as possible. The condition of the organ to be operated; it is of great importance that the surgery results in bad results after surgery. For these reasons, it is necessary to have a consensus of a few surgeons before an operation. Every surgery should be performed in specialized centers in that particular area. In our time, there are pediatric surgeons and elderly surgeons, surgeons specializing in malignant disease surgeries. Each surgeon specializes in this area by repeatedly performing operations on a particular branch, and thus the mortality rate in the surgery is gradually decreasing. Share Information