Drug forms that are used externally or applied to body cavities, semi-solid at room temperature, fluidized at body temperature. Solids can also be formulated as medicaments for use with oils, lanolin, vaseline, and the like. In ointments, the medicinal liquid which carries the active substance is called liquid. Ointments are the oldest of medical preparations.
BC. In the years 3000-5000, there were ointments used by the Babylonians and Assyrians. The traces of the ointments used in ancient Egypt were found in ceremonies. Surveys show that ancient civilizations use oils and fats as an ointment or ointment. In this case, animal oils are superior.
The Assyrians and the Egyptians also used the bees, candles and gums with this effect.
The animal fat was mostly used by mixing with resins, waxes, myrrh oil and vegetable based powders. However, in ancient civilizations, ointments were mostly used cosmetically. Later on, vegetable oils penetrated into the combination of ointments. It is known that the ointments are used in ancient Arab, Chinese, Indian and Roman civilizations.
An ideal ointment fluid should contain the following characteristics: The skin should not harm the skin. He must be able to hold water. It must be resistant to air, light and medication. He must be able to deliver the substance he is carrying. It must be easy to wash.
Ointment varieties can be divided into four groups: Hydrocarbon oils (oily and oily liquids). Absorption oils. Fats that can be cleaned with water. Water-soluble liquids.
There are places and types where all types of livestock are used and superior to their own. As technology progresses, there are more excellent liquors. However, it should be noted that medicines
have a big role not only in the skin but also deeply in the penetration of the skin.