A match is an igniter that is used to burn a fire that is very common in everyday life. In 1669 the Hamburgian alchemist discovered Hennig Brand strong>, desiring to obtain phosphorus, gold. Although phosphorus was not used for fire, it began to be used in the production of matches after 160 years. In 1680, Godfrey Haukwitz and Robert Boyle together with phosphorus-coated paper and sulphide-covered wood trash were put together. It was flaming when paper was poured over the trash and garbage was pulled. However, because of the high cost of phosphorus, the rich layer could benefit from it.
The use of flint stone and steel continued until 1781. In the match in France, the paper was covered with phosphorus. There was also glass on it. The paper was burning when the glass broke. The match in Italy had a small box of phosphorus-oxide lines.
A match put on the market in America in 1882 was only burned to the midpoint because of the chemical application made. In 1932 it was possible to fire repeatedly in a match made in Austria. In fact, this was a long match-point covered with a selephone. Burning was slow due to the presence of fire retardant material. If used carefully, it is possible to use each match 40 times
Friction-fired matches appeared in England around 1827. They were 7-8 cm long, with sticks of antimony sulfur, potassium chlorate, gum and starch. They were shot in a suitable paper. However, the gas that emerged from burning this match was very uncomfortable. In 1830 (160 years after the discovery of phosphorus), the same match was made in France, using phosphorus instead of antimony sulfur. But being dangerous has caused many lives to disappear. It has even been found to be used for poisoning.
In 1911, the poisonous effect of the match was removed by the use of phosphorus sesquihsulfide. In addition to this, the yield of the match has also been increased. Such matches were able to burn with rubbing everywhere. Subsequent changes in chemical compounds predicted that the match would be applied on a specific paper. Thus, the type of match used today is reached. The first times were both matchsticks, and the boxes were made by hand. Later, these jobs were automated. The match is basically the same everywhere, in the form of modern production. This consists of cutting the wood at the proper dimensions, forming the ends and boxing. After the poplar logs are stored under suitable conditions for 12-18 months, they are discarded as matchsticks. They are then passed through the baths in succession and brought to the final state. These bathrooms are intended to protect the efficiency of the match, while ensuring safety, from the outside atmosphere. In the latest stage, matches are dried and boxed. In the making of matches, besides the elimination of poison, another important advance is to make water-resistant matches. This kind of match, developed due to the need in the Second World War, has been a dream since its inception.
The United States, Britain and Sweden were following the matchmaking process. However, after the Second World War, Japan moved to the front row with cheap matches. Later, the spread of lighters, the emergence of electrical appliances, prevented the manufacture of matches to a certain level. Share Information