The first fire extinguisher was the German physicist M. Fuches strong> in 1734. This first fire extinguisher consisted of glass balls filled with salt water to be thrown over the flames during the fire. Until the First World War, newspapers published advertisements containing a picture of a family who had a fire out of their homes with this device. The first of the modern fire-fighting tubes was George Manby strong> in 1816 in Edinburgh.
Manby had witnessed a terrible fire in 1813. The fire, which was on the fifth floor of an apartment building, spread out in a short time and covered the whole building because there was no interference from below. Then Manby’s got something in mind. If there was something that could intervene in the first place where the fire broke out, the disaster would not have reached such great dimensions. On top of that, it started to work to develop such a device. In 1816, he made a fire extinguisher out of cylindrical copper.
Two-thirds of this cylinder, 60 cm high, was filled with water in his hand. The remaining three compartments were compressed in compressed air. The water was sprayed on the flames by pressure. Manby’s fire extinguisher was produced in series by Long Acre, Hadley Simpkin and Lott. After the first few hundred sales, the interest in extinguishers decreased.
Carbon dioxide gas covering the burning material allows the fire to be extinguished by leaving the flammable material free of oxygen. It is a stifling gas with a temperature of -78 degrees in transition from liquid to gas, 1.5 times heavier than air. It is usually kept in liquid form under pressure in steel or commonly aluminum tubing. It is very difficult to extinguish the fire in open spaces and where there is air flow.
The foam is spread to the burning surface and the fire is stopped or controlled using 5 basic features (strangulation, water vaporization, cooling,
HFC-227 is a Halon alternative gas, which is put on the market after the ban on the use of Halon 1301 gas and is the most common use. It extinguishes fires with its ability to break chemical reactions that play an important role in the fire and to absorb heat energy. Especially ideal for A (solid) and B (flammable liquids). The chemical name is heptafluropropane, also referred to as FE227. Share Information