Before the Romans found the dome we could call the three-dimensional arch, the roofs of the buildings were flat and the rooms were rectangular. For this reason, the domes did not allow the buildings to have different appearances, but also allowed for the creation of widely used spaces.
M.S. The dome of the Temple of Pantheon, built by Emperor Hadrian during the years 124 and 128, is the largest and most spectacular of the domes built during the time of the Romans. The dome, about 47 meters in diameter, rests on a wall 25 meters high and 7 meters thick. Like the arches, the domes are built on a wooden plank.
The Byzantines took another step forward in the production of the dome and succeeded in closing the square space with a dome. A.D. Haghia Sophia, built in 537, is the most magnificent example of this. In the end of the 1300’s, in Central Asia, in Samarkand, the dome of Islamic masterpieces began to rise. With the Renaissance, the dome-making was once again on the line of Europe and the new masterpieces were decorated with various places in Europe.
The Ottomans also made great contributions to the dome architecture. The construction of modern geometric domes took place under the leadership of the American architect Buckminster Fuller since 1948.
Dome, is a half-sphere-shaped architectural element used to cover the buildings.
The dome has been applied to the architectural area since ancient times. The dome, which grew in size within the historical development process, recorded its major development in Turkish and Islamic architecture. Over time, the dome has become an indispensable element of mosque architecture. For almost two centuries after 1300, early Ottoman buildings were built as a blend of Ottoman culture and indigenous architecture, and the pendant dome was used throughout the empire.  In the beginning, Turkish architects who built small-size domes started to make big domed artifacts especially after the conquest of Istanbul. Mimar Sinan’s Padishah in Edirne II. Selimiye Mosque built by Selim in the name of the dome diameter is 31, 25 meters. The domes of the mosques built today in Turkey are largely the continuation of the Ottoman style. Share Bilgi Çoğalsın