Containers, such as pottery, usually made of clay minerals, shaped by plastic dough and baked, Ceramics are the entirety of the softly cooked soil goods such as bricks and tiles and the porcelain ware which is hard cooked at high temperatures. People knew that the pottery cooked since ancient times was more resistant to various effects.
The oldest centers of ceramics in the Neolithic period are Anatolia, Egypt and Mesopotamia. Generally, the oldest ceramic materials were obtained from excavations in these regions. Ceramics went to Greece from these regions. The oldest of the ceramics that can be seized is BC. It belongs to 7000 years, it is located in Hacilar village in Anatolia, and Yakındok in Palestine.
General characteristics of ceramic materials h2>
Ceramics are described in the material science, in short, as compounds that come into play from metal and nonmetal elements. Cement concretes, stones, glass, brick isolators, all metal oxides are examples of ceramic materials. Strong ionic and covelent bonds are common in ceramics. There are no free electrons in the constructions. For this reason, they are hard, brittle, but they are more resistant to high temperatures than metals and polymers. Isolates heat and electricity. Many species, especially thin layers, are translucent or translucent.
Ceramics that can be marketed all over the world today, from kitchenware to cleaning materials, are now used in high technology areas. These ceramics, which have extraordinary physical, mechanical and electronic properties and are also called “Advanced Ceramics”, “Engineering Ceramics”, “Thin Ceramics”, “Structural Ceramics”, are now used in chemistry, petro-chemistry, space-
Today, ceramic sensors are used in automobiles to control the efficiency of gasoline in automobiles, automobiles, weapons, textile, electrical-electronic, optics, electro-optical, medical and computer fields. The latest model cars are increasingly lighter and more motor-powered vehicles with ceramic parts and components. In these vehicles, the gases which cause the air pollution from the automobile exhaust are cleaned with ceramic carriers known as “catalytic converter”. High technology ceramics are widely used in turbine engines, tooth fillers, computers, lead-proof armor, bio-material production. “High-tech ceramics”, which will be one of the most important elements of future technology, will be on the agenda of many countries as a large-scale production-oriented industry.