Waxes are waxes, oil, paraffin, stearic acid, made from mixtures brought to the market with pallustic acid, waxes in the middle, rods that are usually cylinders, truncated cones and various decorative shaped ones that give a bright fire when lit. In the fingers, there are also the ones of the human kind and the thick ones like the colored ornate candles.
The earliest examples found were the ancient Egyptian civilization, cone-shaped, torch-wax-shaped candle wax wax-like wax candles. . During the Middle Ages, the most practical way of enlightening in Europe was the reed candles, which were made from reeds that were soaked in oil. Whether it was wax, if the use of waxes made from oil became widespread, it went to production in the desired fineness. However, the candle was produced in the first half of the medieval period in an idiomatic manner and mass production was not achieved.
In the thirteenth century the first candle manufacturing house was established in Paris. The candle industry, which has been divided into two separate branches, wax and oil-made in this city, showed the same development in London after about fifty years.
It continued until asra.
In 1820, French engineer M.E. Chevrel called the wax with fatty acids and glycerin. These materials were obtained by treating the oils with alkalis and sulfuric acid. From this beginning, a rapid development of the candle was seen.
The production of sperm candles made from the eggs of the sharks started in England in 1860. This was a big improvement as the candle was the standard for candle industry and accepted the photometric measure. At the same time they were giving a brighter light than previous candles. Two thousand years ago today, the first candle was made by putting cotton between animal fats. However, these candles are too expensive and lucrative for everyone to use. This was the case until the 17th century. French scientist Sieur le Brez, making mold spilled candles, production is much more economical and the use of wax increased rapidly. Everyone could get a candle now. Thus, some activities drown at night.
Paraffin was obtained by distillation of refined petroleum. The only disadvantage of paraffin was that the melting point was low. This problem has been the most important raw wax paraffin strong> of the wax industry when paraffin was removed with the use of stearic and palmitic acids.
After that, the developments in candle production are related to the quality of the wool, there were changes. Wicks made from simple twist on the first priority then W. Camba Ceréss strong> was found in 1825 by immersing it in borax, potassium nitrate, ammonium nitrate solutions and in this way the wick lasted longer and the flame was brighter.
Today’s automatic candle making machines have been developed by Joseph Morgan strong> in 1834 as the mold machines invented in 1834 are developed. shapes. These provide a standard way to produce candles.
Candles are also used as a means of worship in Christianity and Judaism and in some other superstitions.