The oldest brick ever found to date is found in a dig in Palestine. These bricks, which were found to be 8,000 years old, were made of sun-baked clay. B.C. In 3000, the Egyptians learned to put straw pieces into the fissure to prevent subsequent cracking of the bricks that they had cooked.
This mixture, which was poured into special molds, was dried in the sun, occasionally inverted. As the heat increased, the Mesopotamian realized that the bricks were more durable, after they had burnt the bricks under the sun, they also cooked in the kilns with temperatures up to a thousand degrees. During the industrial revolution, the construction of bricks was also fabricated. The first brick machine was built in England in 1825. The first commercially successful brick production facilities were founded in England in 1879 by Richard Bennett. From 1930 onwards, facilities were built to produce briquettes from a mixture of cement and ash.
Building material obtained from clay based soil, which is used on the wall by brick, mortar and attached to the wall.
These houses were constructed with a simple production system, especially along the river banks and settlement areas in the delta, with dried clay tablets, next to the houses to be built. It is unfortunately not possible to give a start date in this regard. The unfinished clay tablets found in excavations along the Dicle and Euphrates rivers in the Mesopotamian region show the 13th century BC.
The first industrial production of the cooked bricks corresponds to the construction of the Babel Tower in the 4th century BC. Historians have calculated that 85 million bricks are used in this house. Today, if we think that this number can produce bricks only with 5-6 advanced technological factories with 1 year of work, it should be accepted that the production made here is really technologically worthy. This is why the Tower of Babel is an important sign of brick production and industry.
It is considered that the first people who make and use tiles are Corinthians. Corinthians used today ‘s concave tiles, prepared brick dough by beating and making it widespread and thicker and bigger than the present 4.
The first standards were applied during the Ottoman period when the tiles were smaller and the brick dimensions were larger. Non-standard production at that time or their use in construction was banned, with significant penalties foreseen. Even in the case of building floors and models, standard practices were introduced during this period.
After the declaration of the Republic, foreign entrepreneurs made brick and tile production in the Marmara and Aegean regions with the help of foreign entrepreneurs. facilities were started to be built and the development process in the sector was caught by the domestic entrepreneurs in the following period and firstly the facilities built with imported machines were left to domestic machinery. However, this has happened too late and is probably why the industry is less modernized than it is in Europe.
Unfortunately, sectoral development in Europe has progressed much more rapidly, especially after the presence of steam engines, the animal power place has left the steam engines.
With the introduction of Hoffman and tunnel type furnaces, a big breakthrough took place, production increased, bricks and tiles became much easier to produce and became a cheap building material and its use became increasingly widespread. Share Info.