Academy is a community or organization that has come up with the idea or the gathering of scientists. Plato strong> taught his subjects in a wooded area near Athens called the Akome garden. Eflatun’s school was named Akademia strong> for this reason. B.C. and M.S. During the eight years until the 4th century BC, the name of the institution affiliated with Eflatun’s views was known as the Academy. Byzantine Emperor Justinian, M.S.
About 900 years later, Cosimo de Medici strong> strong> remodeled Plato’s Academy in Florens in 1442 under the Renaissance movement in Italy. Although it has only lasted for half a century, this school has set an example for future societies. In 1582, Academia della Crusca was established to prepare an Italian language in Florens. In 1636, Cardinal Rişliyö founded the Academie Française, an important literary academy in Paris.
An example of academics engaged in scholarly topics is the Academia, founded in Rome in 1603 and one of the first members of Galileo des Linceidir.
They used the rooms of the royal library as laboratory and observation place. In parallel, a similar academy was established in England in 1662.
Another leading academy founded on fine arts is the Saint Luke Academy, founded in 1593 in Rome. This became an example of French royal and British royal academies which were later established in 1648. In 1768 the British Royal Academy was established by some artisans in London. The number of these craftsmen was 40, and the painter, the sculptor and the architects came to the scene. They also had 20, then 30 assistants. Among them, new noble members were chosen. The first president of the academy is Sir Joshua Reynolds, who made a great effort in recognizing the place. In the annual exhibitions of the Academy, he exhibited many famous paintings and established academy affiliated schools. He also became himself in 1769, the first lecture. In this academy, in addition to summer exhibitions, winter exhibitions were exhibited (in 1965, the Goya Exhibition) in which a picture of a particular painter or a school was exhibited.
In our country, academy vocabulary has recently been used as a name in some of the higher schools. /
The oldest of the academies is the War Academies established in 1848 by the name of Mekteb-i Fünun-ı Harbiye-i Şahane.
In 1882, the current Mimar Sinan University (Sanayi-i Nefise Mektebi) was founded by Hamdi Bey. Teaching began in March 1884. The school was connected to the Ministry of Commerce, but in 1887 it left the Mearif District. This school was opened with the aim of educating artists. The first testimonials were very few and almost all of them were Greek and Armenian. Hamdi Bey was appointed to the school’s continuing education at the present Eti Museum, and brother Halil Edhem Bey was appointed (1910) when he died. The school expanded over time and prepared its programs and regulations. As time passed the buildings were narrow and they moved to various places. Finally, the Palace was known as the Sultan’s palace and later it was known as the Mebusan Parliament. There are additional workshops here and this school is called Academy of Fine Arts.
After September 12, 1980 academies and colleges in Turkey were gathered in the university with the law number 2803 dated 30.3.1983.
They are out of the law number 2803 and continue their education and training in the old way, as an Academy. Share Bilgi Çoğalsın.