Enamel is the name given to a cama-like surface obtained by the addition of silicon oxides, borax, soda, potassium hydroxide and metal oxides for color. Nowadays it is used especially for coating kitchen utensils, furnaces and metal materials. Enamel, as learned from historical researches, It is descending to the 5th century. In Ancient Greece strong> they would use jewelers to adjust the color tone. The Zeus sculpture on the Olympian shrine was embellished with a curtain with enamel flowers on it.
A color separation technique with a metal base was frequently used in ancient Greece and Rome. A.D. The coloring method was applied for the first time by pitting the metal surface in England in the 240s. In this way, bronze and gold sculptures, enamel and various color tones were added. By the ninth century, Byzantine was found to have emerged, although it was the new center of the empire. In the eleventh century, the enamel technique returned to the west. The basins of Ren, Meuse rivers in Germany and enamel workshop centers, especially in Cologne, have emerged. In the sixteenth century personal enamel was enameled.
Nowadays enamel has become a big industry. It is used in various industries. Enamel industry in Turkey is not old. It is also not unusual for Esasen enemaism to have an industrial line in the world. Since the 1900s, when mass steel production began, the enamel industry has also begun to develop. Thus, normal carbon steels were used as kitchens and sanitary fittings before stainless steels.
The enamel is melted, cooked and ground into powder by mixing silicon oxide with lead oxide, borax, soda, potassium hydroxide and metal oxides for the color. Then, this powder is suspended and the enameled metal objects are immersed in this bath. At this time, the enamel material adheres to the metal in a thin layer. Subsequently, the hair pieces, generally immersed in the enamel bath, are baked to about 900 ° C until a layer of the sheet is melted by inserting into a furnace. The end result of this process, the melt enamel material, adheres to the metal surface. The enamel coated surface is used for decoration as well as a protective layer.
Enamel colors are also applied to prevent color mixing during melting. In one technique, colors are separated from metal by tangles. In the other, the colors are placed in the holes made on the metal. Then the enamel process is started. These two methods can be used together. In a different technique a color layer is applied. After each layer, the cooking process is repeated.