Before the discovery of antiseptics used as microbicides, surgical halls were filled with enormous danger as much as a hope for the patient.
With the introduction of microbicides developed by a surgeon named Joseph Lister in Glaskow in 1865 for the first time in surgery, this problem was largely absent, and new problems in medical science a breakthrough opened. In 1867, Dr. Lister’s ex-chief Sir John Erichsen said, “Abdominal cavity, chest and brain will be closed forever for a successful surgery.” However, with Lister’s invention of antiseptics, and later with the introduction of anesthetics, this claim by Sir Erichsen would be invalid in a very short time. In the operations performed by Dr. Lister in Glaskow between 1864 and 1866, the death rate was 45 percent, while in 1867-1869 operations, this rate dropped to 15 percent due to germ killers.
Antiseptics antimicrobial agents applied to living tissue to prevent infection, septicemia or decay. Antibiotics that kill microorganisms in the body and microorganisms in non-living objects should not be mixed with disinfectants used to kill them. Some antiseptics are truly germicidal, meaning they can kill microbes (bacteriocidal), others are bacteriostatic and only prevent or suppress the development of microbes. Antibacterials are only antiseptics that can be used against bacterials.
John Lister’s antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery was published in 1867 and has begun the widespread use of antiseptic surgical methods. He advocated the use of carbolic acid (phenol) to make sure that any microbes that existed in the model were killed. Nevertheless, similar ideas have previously been put forward by different experts; In ancient Greece, like Galen and Hippocrates.
Nevertheless, every antiseptic is toxic and disturbing to the injured surface in little or no way, even with a Sumer clay tablet dating back to 2150 BC. For this reason today, the aseptic method is used instead of the antiseptic method in the surgeon, which is based on yeast (n) yeast protection against bacterial invasion, not the killing of the currently available bacteria.