Encyclopedia is a generic name given to books that are obtained by organizing many information systematically and often alphabetically. Encyclopedias are similar to dictionaries, but they contain very large and sample-based information in many different contexts. Sometimes books in which a specific part of science is handled in detail and systematically are also called encyclopedias.
The encyclopedia comes from the word engkuklios paideia, which we call circular education in ancient Yunian or today’s general education. According to historical evidence, Speksippus strong> from the first encyclopedic Plato’s tribe It is estimated to be the Disciplinarium libri strong> written in the 4th century.
In the Middle Ages great efforts have been made to gather all information in one single volume.
In 1559, the book Encyclopaedia published in the name of Seu Orbis Disciplinarum in Basle is considered to be the first encyclopedia of the book.
The first encyclopedia in which the topics are arranged in alphabetical order is “Dictionnaire Universel” prepared by Antoine Furetiere. It was published in Paris in 1690.
The first encyclopedia in English is John Harris’s “Lexicon Technicum”, published in London in 1704. The first encyclopedia, published in chapters, is the 64-volume Universel Lexicon, which was prepared by Johann Zelder. This encyclopedia, prepared with the contributions of specialized authors, was published in Leipzig in 1731-1750. Zeller was a retail book seller with no capital or extra income. The encyclopedia can only be printed by a lottery in Leipzig, which was organized to provide income for him.
The famous Encyclopedia Britannica of the English was published almost at the same time as the French Encyclopédie, although it was in such difficult economic conditions that it was not appropriate to buy a “full suit” from the encyclopaedia it prepared. Since the first printing of 1768-1771, he has had a unique feature.
It is published in the USA as 24 volumes since the 14th edition of 1929. The encyclopedia was published in the 19th century and almost every country has its own encyclopedia in the middle of the 20th century. The main Bolsheya Sovetskaya Entsiklopedya (Russian), published in Enciclopedia Italia (1925), Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada (Spanish), Encyclopedia Americana (English) and 30 editions and the second edition between 1957 and 1960, was published in 93 volumes.
Germany, adhering to the 18th century tradition, published the 16th edition of the Grosse Brockhaus under the name Brockhaus Conversationslexion. The Meyers Neunes Lexicon published in 1961 is an imitation of this. However, for these two works, it is appropriate to classify them as encyclopedic dictionaries because they contain the words in the normal language. The “Encyclopedia Françoisise” founded in 1935 was planned as a work of 21 volumes.
The first encyclopedia published in Turkey h2>
The first encyclopedia published in Turkey is the Encyclopedia of Life.
In 1943 the Enonou Encyclopedia (completed its publication as the Turkish Encyclopaedia after 1950). The Encyclopedia of Life, prepared by Life Publications in 1961, the first general encyclopaedia of the Republic Encyclopaedia, published by Arkin Kitabevin in 1968.
After the Internet has become widespread, interest in Encyclopaedia has begun to decrease in order to research and become informed. Share Information is Multiply.