Paraffin wax is a colorless, odorless candle variety obtained from petroleum. The oil paraffin obtained as a by-product in the refining of the crude oil is first melted in the hot state and then cooled to provide only the paraffinic freeze and removed by filtration through paraffin oily parts in the form of a frozen pulp.
Paraffin wax is first produced by Reinchenbach in 1829 from wood tar; then from the stratified layers; It was obtained from oil after 1867. In 1947, synthetic paraffin wax was made.
Synthetic paraffin wax was obtained by the Fischer-Tropsch technique after the Second World War. In this method, the raw material is coal. From the carbon monoxide and H2 mixture obtained from coal, it is transformed into hydrocarbons by the catalytic action of magnetic iron. Some of the products obtained are paraffin wax.
They are very white and harder than paraffin waxes made from petroleum. Synthetic paraffins having 50-55 carbons have an average molecular weight of about 750.
< Because paraffin waxes do not enter the reaction.
It is used as a chemical and electrical insulating material in various industries. In textiles, in pharmacy,
in the cosmetic industry, it is used in the manufacture of plastics, explosives and electrical materials. Candle
Having taken the place of honey candle in the process. Share Information