Organ transplantation is called for the transfer of a living or dead person, an organ or tissue to another person for the purpose of treatment. Organ transplantation has been found since ancient times. In ancient times in India, criminals cut their noses. Indian surgeons had great skill in repairing cut noses.
In the eighteenth century, Baronio, an Italian surgeon, performed a careful operation with a careful operation of the nose and then pulled it out of the arm and removed the skin from the patient’s arm by removing a thin piece of skin and subcutaneous fat tissue and attaching it to the nose. As a result, a piece of skin from a patient’s body could be transferred to the same person.
The experiments on organ transplantation between humans began after World War II.
The scientists who work on organ transplantation have experimented organ transplants first and then human.
In 1953, the Boston surgeon, John P. Merrill, admitted that one of the twins ‘siblings had a kidney stuck on one of the twins’ siblings. he saw that the world did not reject the new kidney. Subsequently, medicines were developed to allow the body’s acceptance of organ harvesting among people who are not related to each other. The first successful kidney transplant made with the help of medicines was in 1956, Muray and others.
With these medications, kidney transplants were performed for the first time. However, thanks to these medicines, patients with kidneys are now threatened with some kind of cancer. For this reason, organ transplantation has become a method of referral for patients who have become otherwise impossible to live.
In South Africa, on December 3, 1967, Christian Barnard performed his first heart transplant surgery. The heart transplant patient does not live much and lives on the eighteenth day of the operation.
The heart is applied to patients with severe heart disease who can not recover by transplantation. The donor is a survivor who has not hoped to live in general.
By 1945, it was unclear why the organs or tissues transplanted until 1945 were accepted or rejected. Medawar proved the role of immune cannabis in organ transplants. The most important of the immune reactions in organ transplants is the reaction to the transplanted organ or tissue. The rejection or acceptance of the organ depends on it.